Why You Need a Project Manager and Whether It Is Possible to Go Without This Specialist

Nikita Aldakushin

Nikita Aldakushin

Senior PM at Andersen

Dedicated Team
Project Management
Mar 2, 2021
7 minutes to read
views
  1. All types of leaders in one
  2. Where the PM’s work starts
  3. Hectic routine
  4. Conclusion

As practice shows, the question of what exactly the activity and value of a Project Manager are is asked only by those who have never been responsible for the successful implementation of anything. And the Project Manager is the very person responsible - even if they don’t give orders in the literal sense of the word but help the team members and try to make their work as comfortable as possible. In this article, we will see what else the PM is doing on a project and why this role is so important.

Any project is a complex of interrelated activities aimed at creating a unique product or service within time and budget limits. When we start discussing a new project with our customers, the first thing that they always talk about is the need to involve a development team that will implement it. During the discovery phase, we prepare a Vision & Scope Document to understand what our efforts will be going towards. Or, we create a Software Requirements Specification to record what specifically we will work on. We draw Wireframes in order to visually mock up what our product will look like. We form an Architecture Design Document and indicate a stack of technologies that we will use to implement our idea.

It seems that we have taken everything into account, gathered professionals in their fields, given them an idea and the freedom to implement it. But still, a strange thing happens usually - it emerges. Mess.

Because when hiring developers, designers, analysts, testers - and especially when a lot of them are required - we believe that they are all keeping in mind the essence of the project. And the words 'interconnected', 'timely', 'restrictions', and many other terms from the project definition go hand in hand with the team members through their lives.

But this is far from true, and this fact is revealed quite quickly - after the first problem that needs to be solved. Or, to be more precise, after the first time they need to identify, analyze, work out possible solutions, choose the optimal way, plan the implementation, implement, and evaluate the result. And in most cases, when something goes wrong - which it always does - a leader appears.

All types of leaders in one

According to the classification developed by the English sociologist M. Hermann, the following types of leaders are distinguished depending on their behavior:

  • Pied pipers are idea initiators. Such a leader is independent, critical in assessing reality, knows how to remedy the situation; clearly defines the purpose of their activities; able to captivate the team along the way to the goal.
  • Puppets primarily seek to ensure the interests of the group that has chosen them. This leader strives to properly serve their adherents while remembering to meet the wishes of the workers.
  • Salesmen surround themselves with competent professional assistants who determine the most effective development paths. This leader knows how to brilliantly present and profitably “sell” their ideas and plans, attracting supporters.
  • Firefighters show their worth best in crisis situations. They act effectively according to the circumstances and quickly solve the most pressing problems.

In the modern IT world, the above types are